Living in a tropical place like ours, everyone faces the most common beauty problem. A sun tan.

Tanning is the effect of the sun on the skin that makes the skin color get darker than its usual tone.

A little is probably alright for most. But a lot? That puts off the entire beauty regime, especially when a big event is right around the corner.
The sun’s rays contain two types of ultraviolet radiation that reach the skin: UVA and UVB.

UVA radiation makes people tan. The rays penetrate the lower layers of the epidermis, where they trigger cells called melanocytes that produce melanin which is a brown pigment that causes tanning. On the other hand, UVB radiation burns the upper layers of skin (the epidermis), causing sunburns.


“It is a protective mechanism where skin makes melanin to reduce the amount of damage due to sun exposure. If we didn’t tan, we would burn. So tanning is actually protecting our skin from premature ageing,” Dermatologist Dr. Aanchal Panth explained in an Instagram post. This is the natural defense process of the body when it is exposed to sunlight. It helps protect the skin from the sun like a shield.

People with lighter skin tones typically cannot create an adequate amount of melanin pigment, the amount that gets created isn’t as efficient, and therefore the exposed areas get skin burn. Darker-skinned people tan more deeply than lighter-skinned people because their melanocytes produce more melanin.

There are different types of skin tan and reactions to the sun based on skin color. According to the FDA, one can estimate their skin type.

  • Pale white – The skin always burns, but never tans.
  • White to light beige – The skin burns easily and tans minimally.
  • Beige – The skin burns moderately and tans gradually to light brown.
  • Light brown – The skin burns minimally and tans well to moderately brown.
  • Moderate brown – The skin rarely burns and tans profusely to dark brown.
  • Dark brown or black – The skin never burns and tans profusely.

Dermatologists divide human skin into six types. Type I is the most sensitive and type VI is the least sensitive. People with skin type I are at particularly high risk and should try to avoid exposure to UV. Certain oral and topical medicines, such as antibiotics, birth control pills, and benzoyl peroxide products, as well as a few cosmetics, may increase skin and eye sensitivity to UV in all skin types.

However, tanning can be hard to remove, and many complain of trouble getting rid of tan on their faces and bodies. It depends on a few factors like how long one’s daily sun exposure or how dark the tan was. There are various home remedies that people can try to fade the color of suntans, tan lines, and self-tans.

  • Stay away from the sun.
  • Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF 30 that blocks both UVA and UVB rays, both.
  • Wear protective clothing like long-sleeved shirts or gloves, scarves, hats, sunglasses, etc. to cover oneself when outdoors.
  • Use creams that contain glycolic acid, lactic acid, kojic acid, arbutin, and grande emit acid or liquorice extract.
  • Apply aloe vera gel on the affected area to help get rid of dark spots due to sun tanning.
  • Natural ingredients like tomato, yogurt, honey,
  • turmeric, cucumber, potato juice, etc. are found to be effective. Important note: If anyone is allergic to any natural ingredients, do not attempt these home remedies. Consult a dermatologist if your skin is sensitive to a particular ingredient, to avoid any kinds of harsh reactions.
  • Gently exfoliating the skin will help remove pigmented dead skin cells from the outer layer of the skin.
  • Many blogs suggest using lemon juice as it contains bleaching properties. However, undiluted lemon juice can be very acidic and damaging to the skin. Therefore, to reduce skin irritation, one should dilute the lemon juice in water and apply it only for a few minutes before washing it off.

“Over time, the darker skin will shed and newer skin will look lighter,” The dermatologist added in the post. Without intervention, a suntan usually starts to fade within a few weeks, and the tan lines become less prominent until eventually, they are not noticeable. The skin usually takes around 27 to 30 days to regenerate by itself.

Although spending time in the sun has plenty of health benefits, people should always wear sunscreen and limit the amount of time spent outdoors in the hot sun to reduce the risk of skin cancer and premature aging.


Due to global warming, the ozone layer in the atmosphere is getting affected and UV rays are easily penetrating through it. That is why sun tanning is another growing problem. But achieving healthy and glowing skin is no longer difficult.

Nowadays, dermatologists can help reverse the effects of excessive sun exposure with modern skincare procedures to help reveal the even, bright skin underneath by removing unwanted tan, tan lines, and discoloration.

Blast away dull or sun-damaged skin cells for a brighter, smoother complexion.

Our treatments will significantly resurface and remodel your skin lifting the tan and stimulating healthy-looking skin.


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