Many consider the eyes to be the window to the soul and hence are the focus of the face!

But having dark circles under your eyes may invite unwanted comments about how tired one looks.

Dark circles under the eyes may look blue or purple to dark brown or black, depending on skin color. In fact, dark circles may not be dark circles at all but shadows cast by puffy eyelids or hollows under the eyes.


Dark circles under the lower eyelids are very common. It is commonly thought that dark circles are due to tiredness and a lack of sleep. Although this can be one cause, there are other reasons for dark under-eye circles, that includes:

  • Fatigue: Extreme fatigue, oversleeping, or even staying up a few hours past typical bedtime can cause dark circles to form under the eyes. Sleep deprivation can cause the skin to become paler. Lack of sleep may also cause fluid to build underneath the eyes, causing them to appear puffy. The dark circles seen may actually be shadows cast by puffy eyelids. Hence, sleep is very important and one needs to get at least 6 hours of sleep per day.
  • Hereditary: Studies have shown that under-eye dark circles may run in families and thus, are said to be hereditary. It can be an inherited trait seen early in childhood and may get worse as one age or it might slowly disappear. Natural brightening remedies can be used as treatment.
  • Age: Dark circles are a natural ageing process. When one age, the skin tends to lose fat and collagen, and the skin often thins. This can make the reddish-blue blood vessels under the eyes more prominent. One can slow down the ageing process by starting to take care of their skin early on with a healthy lifestyle.
  • Hyperpigmentation: Also known as pigmented dark circles is caused due to too much exposure to the sun which triggers the body to produce more melanin. Melanin is the substance (pigment) that gives your skin its color. Skin care products like under-eye creams with Vitamin C might help. But if there are no results, then a consultation with a professional dermatologist is required.
  • Dermatitis: Contact dermatitis and eczema can cause the blood vessels under the eyes to dilate and show through the skin. Infra-orbital dark circles are more common in patients with allergic conditions such as allergic contact dermatitis or atopic dermatitis. Professional consultation is required for this condition.
  • Allergic Shiners: Allergic shiners got the name because of the main cause. Allergies. These are dark circles under the eyes caused by congestion of the nose and sinuses. They’re usually described as dark, shadowy pigments that resemble bruises since there is no blood seepage. Their appearance should disappear once the nasal congestion is relieved and the blood flow can resume as normal.
  • Eyestrain: Staring at the computer screen or television screen by straining the eyes can cause dark circles. This strain can enlarge the blood vessels around the eyes which results in the skin surrounding the eyes darkening.
  • Rubbing the eyes: Rubbing and scratching your eyes can cause your under eyes to swell and your blood vessels to break. As a result, blood pools under the skin and creates dark circles and once they appear, it may be difficult to effectively get rid of them.
  • Dehydration: The skin under your eyes can start to look dull when you don’t drink enough water. Drinking water is vital. So it’s better to stay hydrated for healthy and better skin.
  • Medical Problems: Iron deficiency or anemia can result in dark eye circles as the oxygen which reaches the body’s tissues isn’t enough. Liver problems can also be a cause. Any medications that make the blood vessels dilate can cause eye circles to darken. Deficiencies in certain vitamins, such as vitamins B12, E, K, and D, lead to dark circles. Natural home remedies can be used to treat dark circles and a consultation with a professional is most required as well. 
  • Lifestyle factors: Other factors such as stress, alcohol drinking and smoking can cause dark circles under your eyes. These factors can be avoided as well. Avoid drinking, and smoking. Exercise, massages, and meditation can help one to relax and de-stress. 

In some cases, under-eye dark circles can indicate a need for lifestyle changes, such as improvements in sleep habits or diet. 

Natural remedies are always a go-to these days. But it’s very important to know how the ingredients would react since not all skin types are the same, and the skin around the eye is especially very sensitive. Before one uses a product, one should test it out to see how it would react in order to avoid any medical emergency.


Dark circles are rarely a cause for concern, but some people may wish to reduce their visibility and appearance for cosmetic reasons. Although not all treatments are permanent, with regular maintenance and consistency they will help reduce the appearance of dark circles.

We offer a range of eye treatments to help you get rid of dark circles and sunken eyes.

Suffering from dark circles? We know it can be a difficult time for anyone. Book a consultation with our Doctor to help you attain a more youthful appearance reducing dark circles around the eyes.


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