Hyperpigmentation And Its Causes

Hyperpigmentation, a common skin disorder that happens when the skin generates too much melanin, can cause dark patches on the face. Sun exposure, scarring, age, and other factors can all cause hyperpigmentation.

What Is The Reason For Black Patches On The Face?

A dark spot on skin treatment can appear if it generates too much melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color. This is referred to as hyperpigmentation.

Hyperpigmentation can occur as a result of the following factors:

  • Aging
  • Hormonal changes, such as those experienced during pregnancy or menopause
  • Exposure to the sun

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation can also be caused by skin injury (PIH). People may acquire PIH as a result of:

  • Acne
  • Burns, bites, and cuts
  • Hair removal methods that are excessive or improper
  • Clogged pores
  • Abrasive skin care products
  • Scarring as a result of psoriasis or other skin problems

Dark patches on the face are caused by more than just hyperpigmentation. As a result, it is critical to consult a doctor if a person notices any changes to existing moles or dark spots, particularly changes in texture, color, or size.

Selecting A Treatment

A variety of factors will influence how a person utilizes hyperpigmentation products. The parts that follow will go through them in further depth.

Skin Color

People with dark skin tones should take caution while utilizing hyperpigmentation treatments. This is due to the fact that applying the incorrect product or a highly concentrated solution might lighten other regions of the skin. There is also the possibility that the products will induce additional hyperpigmentation.

The following therapies are recommended by the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) for dark patches on the skin of color:

2% hydroquinone, azelaic acid, glycolic acid, kojic acid, retinoids (retinol, tretinoin, adapalene gel, or tazarotene), vitamin C

A dermatologist who has treated hyperpigmentation in dark skin can advise you on the best course of action.

Underlying circumstances

To avoid the appearance of dark patches, people may need to address skin issues that cause hyperpigmentation.

If a person has PIH as a result of acne, for example, therapy might focus on reducing discolouration as well as avoiding acne and acne scarring.

Treatment options include BHAs, which can help remove pigmentation and cure acne retinoids, which can be used topically or orally in food or lifestyle.

Sun Exposure

If people have black spots on their skin due to UV exposure, they should incorporate an effective sunscreen into their skincare routine. Sunscreen inhibits the worsening of existing hyperpigmentation and prevents further UV damage.

Everyone, regardless of skin tone, should use sunscreen every day. The AAD suggests selecting one that:

Has a minimum SPF of 30

UVA and UVB rays are blocked.

Is resistant to water

Vitamin C may be very beneficial in the treatment of UV damage. According to one 2017 review by a trusted source, topical vitamin C is useful for reducing melanin development and avoiding premature skin aging caused by UV exposure.

In many situations, facial hyperpigmentation may resolve on its own over time. Discolouration can be safely faded with over-the-counter and prescription therapies. A dermatologist can advise on the best treatment options based on a person’s skin type and tone, as well as the reason for their hyperpigmentation

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